Niche with three betyls located north of the High Place of Sacrifice in Petra. Above a step and an altar-like bench the smoothed wall with the niche rises up, framing a tall baetyl and two shorter ones, which stand on a base (mōtab). Some scholars think the moon crescents are a reference to Allat but this is speculative
هذه الكنيسة من أقدم الكنائس و بنيت في القرن الرابع ميلادي.
Jubail Church (Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ, Arabic: كنيسة الجبيل)
This church is one of the oldest churches, built in the 4th century CE.
This is a funerary monument dedicated to a wealthy family from Qartaba, Lebanon (2nd Century AD). The husband depicted on the top-left is named 𝑨𝒃𝒊𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒉𝒐𝒔, a Greek transliteration of the Arabic name 𝑨𝒃𝒅 𝑨𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒕 (عبد اللات). Allat was an Important Arab Deity.
In the 4th century, Elusa was an Arab city & the capital of Palestina III, then a Roman province. It was an important religious center that hosted an annual festival, with a temple dedicated to the worship of Al'uzza (Aphrodite) ... however, Jerome reports that when St. Hilarion visited Elusa, its inhabitants beseeched him to aid them in becoming Christian.
Arabs aversion to icons predate Islam, and visual representation of the divine were only evident in Hellenized urban areas.
One wonders if this aversion later developed into the strict prohibition of icons in Islam.
Full book (free PDF) at source: https://brill.com/view/title/61413?language=en
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