Stela of Ba'al Samay from Dura-Europos called Zeus in one Greek inscription and Zeus Kyrios in another

Niche with three betyls located north of the High Place of Sacrifice in Petra. Above a step and an altar-like bench the smoothed wall with the niche rises up, framing a tall baetyl and two shorter ones, which stand on a base (mōtab). Some scholars think the moon crescents are a reference to Allat but this is speculative

Relief fallen from the facade of the Temple of Bel showing a Palmyrene God receiving offerings left on an altar

قلبي هاربٌ إليك من ظلم نفسي
أتاك راغبًا مذعنًا بتقصيره معترفًا
سول لي طول أملي و تسويفي
و ها قد أنقضت أيامي
و شهري يضيع سنتي
أعمالي تقصر عن أن توفي
و أقصر عن أن أوفي بوعودي و نذوري
فليس لي سوى رحمتك و محبتك

يا لاتي تي صلاتي
أتحتاجين تكلفي و تفصحي؟
أتحتاجين انتقائي لكلماتي؟
أم شملت كل شيء رحمتكي
و أقدر أكلمكي كأنك حبيبتي؟
أنتي أقرب لي من كل سواكي
فليش أختار البعد في دعواتي؟

هذه الكنيسة من أقدم الكنائس و بنيت في القرن الرابع ميلادي.

Jubail Church (Classical Syriac: ܥܕܬܐ ܕܡܕܢܚܐ ܕܐܬܘܖ̈ܝܐ, Arabic: كنيسة الجبيل)

This church is one of the oldest churches, built in the 4th century CE.

This is a funerary monument dedicated to a wealthy family from Qartaba, Lebanon (2nd Century AD). The husband depicted on the top-left is named 𝑨𝒃𝒊𝒅𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒉𝒐𝒔, a Greek transliteration of the Arabic name 𝑨𝒃𝒅 𝑨𝒍𝒍𝒂𝒕 (عبد اللات). Allat was an Important Arab Deity.

Relief of the divine trinity, from left to right, Aglibol, Baalshamin, and Malakbel, from Palmyra, Syria, 1st century AD

O' Aluzza, Mightiest one,
Goddess of love and war,
Protector of the brave,
Shine your light on them,
Give them the strength to fight,
Morning Star, Oh, shining light,
Be the fire in their heart,
And give them the strength to win.

In the 4th century, Elusa was an Arab city & the capital of Palestina III, then a Roman province. It was an important religious center that hosted an annual festival, with a temple dedicated to the worship of Al'uzza (Aphrodite) ... however, Jerome reports that when St. Hilarion visited Elusa, its inhabitants beseeched him to aid them in becoming Christian.

Arabs aversion to icons predate Islam, and visual representation of the divine were only evident in Hellenized urban areas.

One wonders if this aversion later developed into the strict prohibition of icons in Islam.

Full book (free PDF) at source:

لـ طلق بن جيز بن شهيت بن سحد هـ دميت و هـ رضو فلطه من شنء
𐪁 𐪗𐪁𐪄 𐪈𐪌 𐪔𐪚𐪘 𐪈𐪌 𐪆𐪀𐪚𐪉 𐪈𐪌 𐪊𐪂𐪕 𐪀 𐪕𐪃𐪚𐪉 𐪅 𐪀 𐪇𐪓𐪅 𐪐𐪁𐪗𐪀 𐪃𐪌 𐪆𐪌𐪑


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